28 December 2008

Maal Hijrah....


The Hijra (هِجْرَة), or withdrawal, is the migration of Muhammad and his followers to the city of Medina in 622 (Common Era). Alternate spellings of this Arabic word in the Latin alphabet are Hijrah, or Hegira in Latin.

Technically, the first Hijra occurred in 615 when a band of Muslims was counseled by Muhammad to escape persecution in Mecca and travel to the Kingdom of Axum, which was ruled by a Christian king (see Islam in Ethiopia). Muhammad himself did not join this emigration. In that year, his followers fled Mecca's leading tribe, the Quraysh, who sent emissaries to Axum to bring them back to Arabia. The nascent movement faced growing opposition and persecution. When Muhammad and his followers received an invitation from the people of Yathrib, they decided to leave Mecca.

In September 622, Muhammad and his followers emigrated to the city of Yathrib, 320 km north of Mecca. Yathrib was soon renamed Madinat un-Nabi, laterately "the City of the Prophet", but un-Nabi was soon dropped, so its name in English is Medina, meaning "the city". The Muslim year during which the Hijra occurred was designated the first year of the Islamic calendar by Umar in 638, 17 AH (anno hegirae = "in the year of the hijra"). In the following chronology the city will be referred to as Medina, and the region surrounding it as Yathrib.

Chronology of the second Hijra

  • Day 1: Thursday 26 Safar AH 1, 9 September 622
    • Left home in Mecca. Stayed three days in the Cave of Thawr near Mecca.
  • Day 5: Monday 1 Rabi' I AH 1, 13 September 622
    • Left the environs of Mecca. Traveled to the region of Yathrib.
  • Day 12: Monday 8 Rabi' I AH 1, 20 September 622
    • Arrived at Quba' near Medina.
  • Day 16: Friday 12 Rabi' I AH 1, 24 September 622
    • First visit to Medina for Friday prayers.
  • Day 26: Monday 22 Rabi' I AH 1, 4 October 622
    • Moved from Quba' to Medina.

The Muslim dates are in the Islamic calendar extended back in time. The Western dates are in the Julian calendar. The Hijra is celebrated annually on 8 Rabi' I, about 66 days after 1 Muharram, the first day of the Muslim year. Many writers confuse the first day of the year of the Hijra with the Hijra itself, erroneously stating that the Hijra occurred on 1 Muharram AH 1 or 16 July 622.

All dates given above may have occurred about 89 days (three lunar months) earlier. The Muslim dates may be those recorded in the original Arabic calendar and their month names may not have been changed to account for the (probably three) intercalary months inserted during the next nine years until intercalary months were prohibited during the year of Muhammad's last Hajj (AH 10).


Islamic Event

  • On 1 Muharram, the Islamic New Year is observed by some Muslims.
  • On 1 Muharram, Shi'ite Muslims begin the observance of the Commemoration of Muharram which marks the anniversary of the Battle of Karbala and the day that Husayn bin Ali entered Karbala.
  • On 7 Muharram, access to water was banned on Husayn by Yazid's order.
  • On 10 Muharram, the Day of ‘Āshūrā' is commemorated by Muslims as the anniversary of the death of Husayn bin Ali, the grandson of Muhammad. But the Shi'ite Muslims attach much greater importance to this day.
  • On 25 Muharram, Alī Zayn al-‘Ābidīn died after being poisoned.
  • On 27 Muharram, Mesum was killed.

cuti2@india:shimla..day 2

okey..lepas dah puas berehat malam tu,awal2 pagi lagi kitorang dah bangun..kitorang akan g main2 kat kufri..so,pagi2 lg,lepas sume dh breakfast,kitorg siap2 msk van utk g kufri...

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kat luar sukh sagar hotel...

perjalanan ke kufri ade la dlm satu jam gak kot..so,turun2 je dr van,trus sume org sbuk ambk gmbr..ye la,kufri ni cm kwsn bbukit,so gambar2 agak lawa gak r....tp,mmg marvellous..background gmbr yg kitorg ambik tu adalah pergunungan himalaya..dlm erti kata lainny,everest ada kt situ..huhu..tp,tmpt dia mmg agak sjuk la...


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aku kesejukan!!!!




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kanak2 riang still cube melawan hukum graviti..eKeKe;p

kt kufri ni ada la sbuah temple,atas bukit btol..tp kereta x bleh naik bukit tu..sbb ade denai kecik on d way turun dr tmpt tu...so,d only way to go up is by..horse riding! maka aku mndapat seekor kuda..name dia rocky...nsib baik kuda yg aku dpt ni kuat2..so,agak yakin gak la aku utk mnunggang kuda2 ni...huhu...dh rasa cm koboi plak..wakaka..



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mula2 naik kuda..agak cuak gak la..first time la katakn...;p



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bila dh lama2,cm dh biasa la plak naik kuda ni..cm dh pro plak..wAkAkA..(tgk,x pegang pelana pon;p)



so,lps dh naik kuda dlm 2km kot naik bukit tu,smpi la kita ke bhgn tgh bukit tu...kt situ ada pmndangan yg cantik gak la..pstu ade la skit2 org tempatan yg buat exhibition,nk cari duit utk sesuap rezeki la katakan...so,kt ctu ade org offer baju tradisi org kashmir..maka kami2 yg mmg x prnh nmpk bnda2 tu pon sgt la berkobar2 nk mncuba...hoho..;p


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sejuk giler!!!!



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beramai2 merasai kesejukan!!!




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pakaian tradisi kashmir..(ade ke patut budak bilik aku kata aku nmpk cm tukang tilik...hurm!!)



haha..special slot..aktiviti2 kekeluargaan warga2 kashmir 'celup'...wakaka..;p



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keluarga bahagia..wakaka;p





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huga,huga!!! ;p



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tarian sumazau!! eKeKe;p




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bertepuk2 tangan,bertepuk jgn segan...lalala~



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mnyambut kdtgn org asing..ahaks!!(jgn marah alia n syiqah...sape marah kna jual..wAkAkA;p)



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knderaan rasmi org kashmir celup...wakaka;p



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wktu memburu,pakai topi koboi..ha,ni la bukti yg budaya barat dh bgitu mudah mmpengaruhi sume org di seluruh dunia ni..maka anak2ku,berhati2lah...jgn terpengaruh dgn dakyah2 budaya negatif dr barat ni..(chewah,ckp cm aku ni dh jd bapak org je..hehe;p)


lepas dh round2 kt area tgh bukit tu..kitorg naik ke puncak plak...jln mkin smpit..aku dpt kuda lain,name dia Guddu...dia lg strong dr rocky la...so,lepas dh smpi puncak,kitorg turun balik bukit tu guna kuda jgk...


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ini kuda chomell!!!



lepas dh turun tu,van bwk kitorg g the highest peak of kufri..la,bleh naik van rupa2ny...aku bajet cme bleh naik kuda je nk g tmpt paling tggi..so,kitorg pon lepak2 jap kat situ...



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melepak kt blkg van,bajet org lain x nmpk..hoho..;p



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hmm..x igt idea sape ni...tp,ttibe sume nk ambk gmbr ala2 'sekepala' plak...;p




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mereka2 yg masih cbe menentang graviti..;p




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dan satu lagi....


pastu,kitorg gerak lak g ke sbuah tmpt yg ala2 muzium gak la...tmpt dorg bncg nk merdekakan india n sume2 tu..cm sejarah negara kita gak....kt melaka jd tmpt perbincangan awal mnuju kmerdekaan..



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muzium yg ala2 muzium..(apebende aku merepek ni??)



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lepak2 tepi tangga smntara tggu group leader bli tiket masuk...



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ramai2 ambush dpn muzium...;p



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ruang tamu umah aka muzium ni...



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mahatma gandhi was here..long2 time ago...




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dh boring,maka beredar pergi dari situ...


dh abis kt tmpt tu,igtkn dia nk antr trus balik hotel...rupa2ny x..kitorg diturunkan kt mall road..dia ckp bleh tgk brg2 yg ade kt situ..tp,mak aii..kna balik hotel jalan kaki..dh la jarak dia lbih kurang 4km...bengang plak rase....



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pose jap kt mall road...



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kt blkg tu adalh bandar shimla,d wktu malam...



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ambk gmbr ngan lil sis alia kt bgnn ape tah on the way balik ke hotel...


lepas dh spi hotel,mkn malam..sbb dh penat giler,pastu kitorg sume pon tdo...
maka...

nantikan....


Cuti2 d india: Series 3-Way to Menali.....

27 December 2008

First day..on d way to shimla...

haha..mmg giler..pg jumaat tu br jer abis Internal assessment,dlm tension2 tu smpt gak la kemas2 brg nk g vacation...so,mlm tu kitorg(group aku: aku+budak2 ekspress mara-17 org)+(1 lg group: budak2 kms(kolej mara seremban-21 org) bertolak naik bas(xkan la naik kereta sorong plak..ekeke...;p) pergi ke Bengaluru International Airport....kul 3 pagi bas amik kitorg..smpi dlm kul 4.30 kot...standard la..flight ke Delhi kul 6 pagi...


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ni group aku...bbdk ekspres 17 org kt Bengaluru International airport...huhu..

flight ke Delhi mngambil masa lbih kurg 3 jam..kot..haha...smpi2 jer,kitorg trus mncari tour guide yg dh d hire sblm kitorg bertolak dr bangalore lg...

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Delhi international airport...ada nama lain,aku x brape ingat plak..


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pembantu driver mnyusun luggage di atas van..




first destination kitorg adalah shimla...ala..cuti ni dkt area northern india jer... perjalanan dr Delhi ke shimla naik van ada la dlm 9 jam kot..(pergh..cm nk balik kelantan dr KL plak rasanyer..ahaks..)so,on d way to,sggh jap mkn kt restoran di tgh2 jalan..,Khatir Resorts nama dia...mknn bleh tahan..tp,vegetarian la..kt sini,kitorg solat zohor+asar(jama' n qasar) kt padang kecik blkg restoran tu...

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restoran khatir resort...manakah aku????ooo,ye..aku yg ambk gmbr ni kot..ekeke..;p


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ha..akhirny..aku!! (huhu..cm serabut je erk?ye la..merindu kt "seseorg" ..huhu...

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fountain kt depan restoran...


pstu,smbg balik perjalanan..aku duk sblh sorg kwn aku,yen(name btol dia azrin,kot)..so,most of the timer during perjalanan tu,most of us...erm..tdo kot...ye r,pnat tau naik van lama2 ni...

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hmm..x tau la ape ni..nk kata cm umah pon bleh..tp x nmpk org...unbelievable? Believe it!;p

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Yen tdo ala2 bertafakur di embun pagi..chewah..;p


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soli siap tercopong mulut lg..haha...;p


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nik tdo smbil dengor lagu..(ha..kn dh kuar loghat johor aku..wakaka..)






video
haha..caught in da act sume yg tdo...;p

petang dlm kul 5 lbih,kitorg smpi kt satu taman..Yadavindra Gardens kt pinjore dlm province Haryana..ni just sbuah taman la...tp,mmg cantik gila taman ni..

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entrance ticket utk msuk yadavindra gardens

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keretapi kt entrance...nmpk cm meriam pon ade gak...


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aku kt front portion of the gardens..tenang n nyaman air dia..(chewah..cm rasa jer..;p)


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jam ni spesel pasal dia bergerak melawan arah jam..


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jambatan merentasi air..wakaka..(budget cm jambatan pulau pinang la tu..;p)



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jal mahal cafe..cafe d tgh2 taman...


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pokok yg comel d taman..

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dzulfiqar n nature..wahaha...

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dkt gate pokok...haha..aku nmpk cm bler aje...


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bermain cak-cak bersama luq skywalker..haha..gurau jer..luqman,jgn marah r...ekeke...


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msuk kul 6 jer..trus on fountain kt blkg aku tu...mmg cntik giler r...


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mereka2 yg cuba menentang hukum graviti..wakaka...



then,kitorg pon smpi hotel...malangny battery camera aku abis,so x dpt nk ambk gmbor hotel..(x bminat pon..kuang3..;p) nntkn smbgn Cuti2 d india d series:episode 2- Day in Shimla...huhu...